Survey Shows “Political Divide” on Energy Issues is a Myth, Americans Can Work Together to Reach Cleaner Energy Future

Knoxville, Tenn.- Republicans, Independents and Democrats agree that the United States should move away from its reliance on dirty energy sources that foul the air and water and toward a future that makes greater use of clean energy sources, according to a major new ORC International survey conducted for the nonprofit and nonpartisan Civil Society Institute (CSI) and released today in Tennessee by Statewide Organizing for Community eMpowerment (SOCM).

“This survey shows, once more, a national consensus across party lines for the need for environmental action to be taken now,” SOCM Board Member Patrick Morales said. “It shows that the American people, as a whole, support a cleaner energy future, despite what large energy companies and their lobbyists do to convince lawmakers otherwise.”

Pam Solo, founder and president, Civil Society Institute, said:   “Our new survey is a clarion call to action:  Americans think that it is time for decisive action toward a renewable energy future that will protect public health and provide reliable and cost effective energy.   It is only through the work of groups like SOCM that this ‘bottom up’ process of change will take place.   And it is only through such a grassroots-driven process that we can shake off the partisan gridlock of Washington, D.C., so that Americans can focus on what is really important to them:  a clean energy future that does not sacrifice our water, air and health to politically powerful nuclear and fossil fuel interests.”

Conducted March 22-25, 2012, the new ORC International survey of 1,019 Americans shows that:

  • More than eight out of 10 Americans (83 percent) – including 69 percent of Republicans, 84 percent of Independents, and 95 percent of Democrats — agree with the following statement:   ‘The time is now for a new, grassroots-driven politics to realize a renewable energy future.  Congress is debating large public investments in energy and we need to take action to ensure that our taxpayer dollars support renewable energy– one that protects public health, promotes energy independence and the economic well being of all Americans.”
  • Even with high gasoline prices today, 85 percent of Americans – including 76 percent of Republicans,  87 percent of Independents, and   91 percent of Democrats —  agree with the statement “(e)nergy development should be balanced with health and environmental concerns” versus just 13 percent who think “health and environmental concerns should not block energy development.”
  • More than two out of three (68 percent) think it is “a bad idea for the nation to ‘put on hold’ progress towards cleaner energy sources during the current economic difficulty.”
  • Eight out of 10 Americans agree that “water shortages and the availability of clean drinking water are real concerns.  America should put the emphasis on first developing new energy sources that require less water and result in lower water pollution. “Only 15 percent of Americans think that “America should proceed first with developing energy sources even if they may have significant water pollution and water shortage downsides.”
  • Two thirds of Americans (67 percent) think that “political leaders should help to steer the U.S. to greater use of cleaner energy sources – such as increased efficiency, wind and solar – that result in fewer environmental and health damages.”   Under a third of Americans (30 percent) think that “political leaders should stay out of the energy markets and let private enterprise have a free hand in picking energy sources and setting prices.”

OTHER KEY SURVEY FINDINGS

  • About two out of three Americans (66 percent) – including 58 percent of Republicans,  65 percent of Independents, and 75 percent of Democrats — agree that the term “‘clean energy standard’ should not be used to describe any energy plan that involves nuclear energy, coal-fired power, and natural gas that comes from hydraulic fracturing, also known as ‘fracking'”.
  • Biomass does not get the “gold”. Well under one in five Americans (14 percent) thinks “biomass energy production should be the first choice, even if other alternatives are available.” By contrast, 81 percent of Americans think “other less-polluting, less water-intensive renewable energy alternatives should be used first before biomass energy is explored as an option.”
  • More than eight out of 10 Americans (82 percent) – including   78 percent of Republicans,   81 percent of Independents, and 85 percent of Democrats — agree with the following statement:  ‘Whether they are referred to as ‘subsidies,’ ‘tax incentives’ or ‘loan guarantees,’ the use of taxpayer dollars for energy projects are long-term investments.  However, government incentives for energy must benefit public health and economic well-being.  Clear guidelines are needed to direct public energy investments by shifting more of the risk from taxpayers and ratepayers and more to the companies involved.'”
  •  More than two out of three Americans (68 percent) – including 60 percent of Republicans,  76 percent of Independents, and 74 percent of Democrats — think that America’s “new energy future” should be guided by the “precautionary principle,” which would work very much like the Hippocratic oath does for doctors:  “The precautionary principle would advocate a conservative approach to the use of technologies that may put public health at risk and create irreversible environmental harm.  If there is not enough scientific evidence showing that it is safe, precaution should guide decisions in those cases.”
  • About three out of four Americans (75 percent) – including  58 percent of Republicans, 84 percent of Independents, and  86 percent of Democrats — think that “Congress and state public utility commissions that regulate electric utilities should put more emphasis on renewable energy and increased energy efficiency … and less emphasis on major investments in new nuclear, coal and natural gas plants.”
  • More than three out of four Americans (77 percent) – including 70 percent of Republicans, 76 percent of Independents, and 85 percent of Democrats — agree that “(t)h energy industry’s extensive and well-financed public relations, campaign contributions and lobbying  machine is a major barrier to moving beyond business as usual when it comes to America’s energy policy.”
  • Nearly six in 10 Americans (56 percent) are now aware of the natural gas drilling process commonly referred to as “fracking.”  Fewer than three in 10 Americans (28 percent) are “not aware at all” of this extraction process.
  • Despite high gas prices, fewer than one in five Americans (16 percent) think that “the energy price paid by consumers is the only factor that makes any difference.   Production damages, such as from mining, environmental impacts such as pollution, health harms, and other costs associated with energy should be considered less important factors.”  By contrast, 81 percent of Americans believe that “the price paid by consumers is only part of the cost of energy.   We have to look at the whole picture — including environmental and health damages — when we talk about what a particular source of energy costs America.”
  • Eight out of 10 Americans (81 percent) who are aware of fracking say that they are concerned – including nearly half (47 percent) who are “very concerned” – about the impact of fracking on water quality.
  • About nine out of 10 Americans (89 percent) agree that “U.S. energy  planning and decision making must be made with full knowledge and understanding about the availability of water regionally and locally, and the impact this water use from specific energy choices has on their economies, including agricultural production.”
  • Four out five Americans (80 percent) – including 78 percent of Republicans,  83 percent of Independents, and   82 percent of Democrats —  oppose the use by utilities in some states of advance billing – known as “Construction Work in Progress” – to pay for the construction of new nuclear and other power plants. Only 13 percent agree that “ratepayers should pay for electricity they use, and construction of nuclear reactors and other power plants that may come on line in the future.”
  • About three out of four Americans (73 percent) agree that “federal spending on energy should focus on developing the energy sources of tomorrow, such as wind and solar, and not the energy sources of yesterday, such as nuclear power.”  Fewer than one in four (22 percent) say that “federal spending on energy should focus on existing energy sources, such as nuclear, and not emerging energy sources, such as wind and solar.”
  • Eight out of 10 Americans think U.S. taxpayers and ratepayers should not “finance the construction of new nuclear power reactors in the United States through tens of billions of dollars in proposed new federal loan guarantees.”
  • Three out of four Americans (76 percent) would support “a shift of federal loan-guarantee support for energy away from nuclear reactors and towards clean, renewable energy, such as wind and solar.”

For the full survey findings, go to http://www.CivilSocietyInstitute.org on the Web.

SURVEY METHODOLOGY

The new survey findings are based on a telephone survey conducted by ORC International among a national probability sample of 1,019  adults comprising 506 men and 513 women 18 years of age and older, living in private households in the continental United States.  Interviewing for this survey was completed during the period March 22-25, 2012.  The margin of error is plus or minus three percentage at the full sample size.

EDITOR’S NOTE:  A streaming audio replay of the news event will be available on the Web at http://www.CivilSocietyInstitute.org as of 5 p.m. EDT on April 25, 2012.

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About the Organizations:

SOCM – Statewide Organizing for Community eMpowerment – is a member-run organization that encourages civic involvement and collective action so that the people of Tennessee have a greater voice in determining their future. The mission of SOCM is to empower Tennesseans to protect, defend, and improve the quality of life in their communities across the state. SOCM is working for social, economic, and environmental justice for all. We are committed to the journey of becoming an anti-racist organization. Recognizing our interdependence, SOCM is committed to overcoming social and institutional racism and embracing our diverse cultures.

Civil Society Institute – Based in Newton, MA, the nonprofit and nonpartisan Civil Society Institute (http://www.CivilSocietyInstitute.org) is a think tank that serves as a catalyst for change by creating problem-solving interactions among people, and between communities, government and business that can help to improve society. Since 2003, CSI has conducted more than 25 major national and state-level surveys and reports on energy and auto issues, including vehicle fuel-efficiency standards, consumer demand for hybrids/other highly-fuel efficient vehicles, global warming and renewable energy. In addition to being a co-convener of TheCLEAN.org (http://www.TheClean.org), the Civil Society Institute also is the parent organization of the Hybrid Owners of America (http://www.HybridOwnersofAmerica.org).

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